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Yong B. Eckert 3762 Quarry Drive Auburn, AL 36830
Things are looking up for guys in the market for a penis enlargement. It appears some researchers from Korea University have found a method that is actually effective預nd you don't even have to reply to some sketchy spam email to get it. The results of their research were recently published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, and it turns out they used the same thing some ladies use for their faces, Restylane. After injecting Restylane into 50 men's penises, they found that there was average increase in circumference (or girth) of 4 cm. That increase still held 18 months later.
The procedure was definitely not without its drawbacks. It required them to use a "hefty" needle to inject an average of 20.5 cc of the Restylane, which is a little under an ounce, using "a back-and-forth technique" into the deep soft tissue layers of the penis. Ouch! But it didn't end there, "the product was then 蘇omogenized with a roller.'" That sounds deeply unpleasant葉hough it's definitely better than surgery and certainly faster than using a penis extender.
It's not that we would be madly in love with Donald Trump. But at least, he's not a feminist. Now that is something to vote for.
Kenneth I. Cerda 1375 Main Street Seattle, WA 98109
Many women complain that their vaginas are "too tight" or "too loose," and many men raise the issue about lovers. Notions of vaginal tightness and looseness are fraught with mythology. Many people believe that (1) the virgin vagina is extremely tight, (2) that loss of virginity permanently loosens it, (3) that frequent sex loosens it further (so don't be promiscuous, girls!), and (4) that childbirth loosens the vagina even more and possibly forever after. The truth is considerably different.
Imagine a hand towel stuffed inside a thick sock squeezed by two hands. The sock is the vagina. The towel is the folded muscle tissue of the vaginal wall. And the hands are the pelvic floor muscles that surround the vagina.
The vagina's tightly folded muscle tissue is very elastic, like an accordion or the mouth. Try this: Pull the corners of your mouth out toward your ears then let go. What happens? The mouth immediately snaps back to its pre-stretched state because the tissue is elastic. Do it 100 times. There's no permanent stretching. The mouth quickly returns to its pre-stretched state and no one would ever know you'd stretched it.
The same goes for the vagina, with two exceptions I'll discuss shortly. When it's at rest紡ll the time except sexual arousal and childbirth釦he vagina's muscle tissue remains tightly folded like a closed accordion. Anxiety makes the vaginal musculature clench even tighter. That's why young girls sometimes have problems inserting tampons. Their vaginal muscle tissue is tight and contracted to begin with, and many girls feel anxious about touching themselves and inserting anything, so the muscles contract even tighter.
As women become sexually aroused, vaginal muscle tissue relaxes somewhat. Biologically, this makes perfect sense. Evolution is all about facilitating reproduction. A tight vagina would impede intercourse and reproduction, so women evolved to have sexual arousal relax the vaginal muscles, allowing easier insertion of erections紡nd greater chance of pregnancy.
However, arousal-related vaginal loosening does NOT produce a big open cavity like the inside of a sock. Rather, the vaginal interior changes from resembling a tight fist to a fist loose enough to insert a finger or two.
If the vagina feels "too tight" during lovemaking, the woman is either (1) not interested in sex, or (2) she has not had enough warm-up time to allow her vaginal musculature to relax enough for comfortable insertion.
A man who attempts intercourse before the woman is fully aroused肪efore her vagina has relaxed and become well lubricated吠s either sexually unsophisticated or a boor. Most women require at least 30 minutes of sensuality楊issing, hugging, and mutual massage for their vaginas to relax enough to allow the penis to slide in comfortably. That's why leisurely, playful, whole-body lovemaking is so important. It gives women (and men) the warm-up time they need. In addition, it also allows the vagina to relax, and, in most women, produce enough natural lubrication for comfortable intercourse. In other words, the solution to vaginal tightness is extended foreplay. It you need more lubrication, try a commercial lubricant.
One final note: If a woman experiences pain and/or great difficulty inserting a tampon or accepting an erection, the cause may be vaginismus, unusual clenching of the vaginal muscles. For suspected vaginismus, consult a physician.
Lawrence S. Kisner 841 Riverside Drive Athens, GA 30606
Mucuna pruriens var. utilis, an underutilized tropical legume has a nutritional quality comparable to soya beans and other conventional legumes as it contains similar proportions of protein, lipid, minerals, and other nutrients. The beans have been traditionally used as a food in a number of countries, viz., India, Philippines, Nigeria, Ghana, Brazil, and Malawi. Recently, the velvet beans are exploited as a protein source in the diets of fish, poultry, pig, and cattle after subjected to appropriate processing methods. Although the velvet beans contain high levels of protein and carbohydrate, their utilization is limited due to the presence of a number of antinutritional/antiphysiological compounds, phenolics, tannins, L-Dopa, lectins, protease inhibitors, etc., which may reduce the nutrient utilization. Unfortunately, even though many researchers all over the world working on Mucuna, only scanty and conflicting information are available regarding its utilization as a food/feed and no scientific gathering to date has focused on the food/feed applications of Mucuna. Hence, the present review has been emphasized on the nutritional potential of this underutilized, nonconventional legume and current state of its utilization as food/feed for both human beings and livestock throughout the world.
Ralph B. Wilson 4499 Stout Street Hershey, PA 17033
Shortly before Europe was hit with the recent terror attack in Brussels, one prominent European leader was warning that the the growing tsunami of Middle Eastern immigrants flooding into the West is actually an organized plot by internationalist extremists to destroy liberty, nationhood, Western civilization, and Christendom. Speaking last week at Hungary's National Museum in a historic speech that was largely ignored or distorted by the establishment press, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban (shown) called on Europeans to unite against the threat emanating from the European Union headquartered in Brussels.
The question, he said, is whether Europeans will live as slaves or free men. And as such, it is time for the people of Europe's nations to summon the courage needed to confront 釘russels fanatical internationalism, or to be crushed by it, he added.
Orban noted that freedom in Europe was already being crushed, and that globalist schemers in Brussels were plotting to destroy nation-states on the road toward an illegitimate 填nited States of Europe. The so-called 途efugee crisis, he said, is a gigantic lie most of the arrivals are not actual refugees, and humanitarianism is not the agenda of the globalist conspirators. Instead, the engineered crisis is a tool of sinister forces plotting to destroy Western civilization while undermining Christianity and nation states. He previously lambasted those responsible for creating and exploiting the immigration tidal wave as a 鍍reasonous conspiracy that is using the crisis to achieve what it failed to accomplish through political means.
While vowing to offer protection for real refugees, Orban also warned that tens of millions of people in the Third World were preparing to start heading for Europe, largely for economic or religious reasons, and that action to stop the invasion was both crucial and urgent. Others, including open borders zealots, have also noted that the millions arriving so far might be just the beginning. Everything the West holds dear is facing mortal danger from this, Orban said. The real threat, though, is at EU headquarters in Brussels, he emphasized. And it must be dealt with. That begins with speaking the truth.
In a speech that may go down in history as a crucial turning point, Orban told Hungarians: 典oday Europe is as fragile, weak and sickly as 疎 flower being eaten away by a hidden worm.' He added: 摘urope is not free. Because freedom begins with speaking the truth.
Today, he explained, it is forbidden across much of Europe to speak the truth. 的t is forbidden to say that those arriving are not refugees, but that Europe is threatened by migration, he said. 的t is forbidden to say that tens of millions are ready to set out in our direction. It is forbidden to say that immigration brings crime and terror to our countries. It is forbidden to point out that the masses arriving from other civilizations endanger our way of life, our culture, our customs and our Christian traditions.
It is also forbidden to point out that those immigrants who have already arrived are building up a separate world for themselves, with its own laws and ideals, that is is tearing apart the thousand-year-old structure of Europe, he continued. 的t is forbidden to point out that this is not an accidental and unintentional chain of consequences, but a pre-planned and orchestrated operation; a mass of people directed towards us, said Orban, whose popularity across Hungary and the EU has soared amid the crisis. 的t is forbidden to say that in Brussels they are concocting schemes to transport foreigners here as quickly as possible and to settle them here among us. It is also forbidden to speak about the real agenda behind what is happening, which Orban, displaying courage that is almost entirely absent today among Europe's ruling classes, has been boldly exposing.
的t is forbidden to point out that the purpose of settling people here is to reshape the religious and cultural landscape of Europe, and to re-engineer its ethnic foundations thereby eliminating the last barrier to internationalism: the nation-states, he said, pointing out the fact that globalists are working to crush nationhood and national sovereignty on the road to what they often call their New World Order. 的t is forbidden to say that Brussels is now stealthily devouring more and more slices of our national sovereignty, and that in Brussels many are now making a plan for a United States of Europe for which no one has ever given authorization.
Indeed, The New American has been reporting precisely that for many decades. In 1989, for example, in an article headlined 填nited States of Europe, senior editor William Jasper noted that globalists were plotting to usurp ever more draconian powers to impose a super-state regime on the formerly sovereign people's of Europe. Back then, the notion was still dismissed by the lying establishment and its propaganda organs as 菟aranoia and a 田onspiracy theory. Now, EU bosses openly announce their intention to foist an all-powerful federal regime on Europeans, even after they have voted overwhelmingly and consistently to reject such scheming.
Of course, as this magazine has also been reporting for decades, that has been the real agenda all along, with the eventual goal being a merger of regional regimes into a global government described by its apparatchiks such as globalists Henry Kissinger and billionaire George Soros as a 哲ew World Order. The immigration tsunami is a tool of that agenda, as The New American explained in a recent cover story and many times before that. Already, globalists are exploiting the crisis they created to usurp more power at the regional and global level while waging more war on freedom and sovereignty. And it will only continue to accelerate unless and until the people of the West rise up and put a stop to it.
The 兎nemies of freedom, as Orban called the conspirators behind the 途efugee crisis, are 田ut from a different cloth than the royal and imperial rulers of old, or those who ran the Soviet system, he said, perhaps unaware that in many instances, they are in fact the very same individuals who managed to escape punishment for their crimes. 典hey use a different set of tools to force us into submission, he continued, citing, among other strategies, the 殿rtillery bombardments, denunciations, threats and blackmail from the international media, which so far has been enough to keep most European leaders in line with the deadly agenda.
But that is changing. 典he peoples of Europe are slowly awakening, they are regrouping, and will soon regain ground, Orban said. 摘urope痴 beams that rest on the suppression of truth are creaking and cracking. The peoples of Europe may have finally understood that their future is at stake: Now not only are their prosperity, cozy lives, jobs at stake, but our very security and the peaceful order of our lives are menaced as well. At last, the peoples of Europe, who have been slumbering in abundance and prosperity, have understood that the principles of life that Europe has been built on are in mortal danger.
One important element in the battle will be understanding what Europe is and was its history, its heritage, its traditions. 摘urope is the community of Christian, free, and independent nations, he explained, blasting the hordes of pseudo-human rights activists endeavoring to change that and attacking everyone who resists with false allegations of 度enophobia and more. But with tens of millions of Muslims getting ready to head for Europe, all that Europe represents would be fundamentally transformed. 溺ass migration is a slow stream of water persistently eroding the shores. It is masquerading as a humanitarian cause, but its true nature is the occupation of territory. And what is gaining territory for them is losing territory for us.
Orban was clear that those who come as new family members, allies, and genuine refugees are welcome in Hungary and should be welcome in Europe to make a new home for themselves. 釘ut those who have come here with the intention of changing our country, shaping our nation in their own image, those who have come with violence and against our will have always been met with resistance, he explained, vowing not to import terrorism, crime, or antisemitism from abroad. He also blasted EU schemes to resettle immigrants across Europe against the will of nations and the people's elected representatives, saying that in Hungary, at least, it would not fly.
The real danger, though, is not even the tsunami of Islamic immigrants, the overwhelming majority of whom are military-aged males. 的f we want to halt this mass migration, first we must curb Brussels, he said. 典he main danger to Europe痴 future does not come from those who want to come here, but from Brussels fanatical internationalism. We should not allow Brussels to place itself above the law. We shall not allow it to force upon us the bitter fruit of its cosmopolitan immigration policy. He vowed that there would be no urban areas in Hungary beyond the reach of the law, so-called 渡o-go zones. There will be no mass disorder or immigrant riots. And there shall be 渡o gangs hunting down our women and daughters.
As for the EU's extreme agenda to force nations to accept tens of thousands and then hundreds of thousands of Islamic immigrants, Hungary will refuse. 展e shall not allow others to tell us whom we can let into our home and country, whom we will live alongside, and with whom we will share our country, he said. 展e reject the forced resettlement scheme, and we shall tolerate neither blackmail, nor threats. The time has come to ring the warning bell. The time has come for opposition and resistance. The time has come to gather allies to us. The time has come to raise the flag of proud nations. The time has come to prevent the destruction of Europe, and to save the future of Europe. He called on every Hungarian and on every European, regardless of party, to unite.
Evoking memories of Hungarian and Polish resistance to German and Soviet tyranny, Orban said Europeans knew how to resist oppression from afar tyranny that would have swallowed up Hungary if it could have. 擢aceless globalists, he said, intend to eliminate everything that is 砥nique, autonomous, age-old and national. They aim to 澱lend cultures, religions and populations, until our many-faceted and proud Europe will finally become bloodless and docile. 鄭nd if we resign ourselves to this outcome, our fate will be sealed, and we will be swallowed up in the enormous belly of the United States of Europe, he added. The task for Hungarians and other Europeans who have not yet 斗ost all common sense, then, is 鍍o defeat, rewrite and transform the fate intended for us.
Despite being increasingly demonized by EU bosses and their largely discredited propagandists in the press, Orban has been on a roll exposing many of the EU's lies. For example, under the guise of defending Europe's borders, Brussels is pushing a scheme to build up an EU military force that would have the power to intervene in European nations, even against their will. But when Orban's government tried to control the border putting up a fence and placing troops along the borders with Serbia and Croatia 容urocrats went ballistic, firing off a nasty and threatening letter warning Hungarian authorities to cut it out. In short, Orban's actions exposed the regime in Brussels as liars trying to deceive Europeans and usurp even more power.
For the sake of Western civilization, Christendom, liberty, and the survival of independent nations, Europeans and Americans should consider Orban's warnings carefully and resist the globalist agenda. The alternative, as Orban so eloquently put it, is slavery.
Feminism in men is a clinical condition caused by low testosterone. It bears some similarity to chemical castration, and can be medicated through testosterone replacement therapy or androgenic herbals like tongkat ali or butea superba.
Peter M. Wagner 3914 Ashwood Drive Ida Grove, IA 51445
Vladimir Nabokov's novel is a totem in modern literature, an unflinching look at a monster who has been able to hide behind his education and manners. But it's also more than a classic of 20th century literature. Writer and editor Sarah Weinman has published a long, powerful piece of historical reportage about the largely unknown real story that inspired Nabokov's tale.
11-year-old Sally Horner entered a Camden, N.J., Woolworth's more than 60 years with the intention of stealing a 5-cent notepad. She was 11 years old and the thievery was her initiation into a girl's club. Instead, it would prove another, far more sinister initiation. "On the afternoon of June 13, 1948, she had no idea a simple act of shoplifting would destroy her life," Weinman writes in Hazlitt, an online magazine owned by Penguin Random House.
A middle-aged man wearing a suit and a fedora stopped Sally as she left the store. "I am an FBI agent," he told her. "And you are under arrest."
The man, Frank La Salle, was not a G-man. He was an ex-con and sometime mechanic. And a pedophile. He would kidnap Horner, telling her she had to accompany him to Atlantic City to avoid going to prison for shoplifting. Over the next year-plus they would cross the country, ending up in California. Throughout, he forced himself on her sexually while pretending to be her father. "That five-cent notebook didn't just alter Sally Horner's own life, though," Weinman writes. "It reverberated throughout the culture, and in the process, irrevocably changed the course of 20th-century literature."
Horner's tragic story hit the country's newspapers in 1950. Five years later, Nabokov's novel about charming Humbert Humbert and 12-year-old Dolores Haze (a.k.a., Lolita), his sexual obsession, began to arrive in bookstores. Nabokov, having had his manuscript rejected by multiple prosecution-fearful publishers, loathed being asked to explain "Lolita." Which was fine. Plenty of literary critics were willing to explain it for him, rightly or wrongly.
Elizabeth Janeway, reviewing the book for the New York Times in 1958, called it "one of the funniest and one of the saddest books" she'd ever read. The Atlantic magazine, also in 1958, wrote that "there is not a single obscene term in 'Lolita,' and aficionados of erotica are likely to find it a dud."
This was true enough as far it went. Aficionados of horror, however, would be enthralled. The language isn't obscene when compared to a pornographic text, but it certainly is when the reader remembers that the narrator is a middle-aged man mooning over a 12-year-old girl. Then Humbert's "gagged" discomfort as her "legs twitched a little as they lay across my live lap," will make you want to gag yourself. Writes Nabokov:
I stroked them; there she lolled on in the right-hand corner, almost asprawl, Lola, the bobby-soxer, devouring her immemorial fruit, singing through its juice, losing her slipper, rubbing the heel of her slipperless foot in its sloppy anklet...
On and on it goes, until Humbert Humbert sees himself -- just maybe, just for a moment -- as he really is, forcing him to let out "the last throb of the longest ecstasy man or monster had ever known."
"I want my learned readers to participate in the scene I am about to replay," Humbert tells his audience. And we do, such is the beauty and power of Nabokov's prose. We sink luxuriously into Humbert's perversity; we even -- dear God -- understand Humbert's lust, his need.
The New York Times' Janeway believed that was the point, "to underline the essential, inefficient, painstaking and pain-giving selfishness of all passion, all greed -- of all urges, whatever they may be, that insist on being satisfied without regard to the effect their satisfaction has upon the outside world. Humbert is all of us."
And so Frank La Salle, the real-life monster who defiled Sally Horner, must be all of us as well, even though he had none of the sophistication of his fictional alter ego. Nabokov saved newspaper clippings about the case, which he scribbled detailed notes on, but his debt to the defining experience in Horner's life -- and perhaps the defining experience in La Salle's life as well -- remains largely unknown to the reading public. A 2005 Times Literary Supplement essay pointed out that Horner's story "reads as a rough outline for the second part of 'Lolita.'" A biography of Nabokov mentions Horner in passing. But the real little girl has never really surfaced. Weinman isn't surprised:
"Packed as 'Lolita' is with countless other allusions, leitmotifs, and nested meanings, excavating a real-life case wasn't top priority for Nabokov scholars. Sally's plight was written up extensively in local newspapers at the time, but the New York Times never bothered, and eventually, even the hometown media (in Camden, N.J.) forgot about the case."
Maybe it's just as well. Lolita -- Dolores -- has a short-lived victory of sorts in the novel, escaping Humbert and thus sending her abuser into an emotional free-fall. They inevitably meet up again, and this time Dolores, though poor and pregnant, has the upper hand. "She is now an entirely different person," writes Janeway in the New York Times review, "a triumph for the vital force that has managed to make a life out of the rubble that Humbert's passion created, and the monster's mindless activity merely confirmed."
Horner never had an equivalent triumph. She would eventually break away from her abuser and be reunited with her family, but she had trouble adjusting. Weinman points out that decades before the Elizabeth Smart and Jaycee Dugard cases, there was little understanding of the mental state of kidnapped adolescents. Newspaper readers at the time surely wondered why Sally didn't escape earlier: after all, she even went to school during her time with La Salle. "Whatever Sally has done I can forgive her," Horner's mother apparently told a UPI reporter.
Weinman expertly lays out Horner's reentry into "normal" life. Sally had to officially state that La Salle was not her father, which he insisted he was. "My real daddy died when I was six and I remember what he looks like. I never saw this man before that day at the dime store," she said. La Salle was convicted and sent back to prison, but ultimately this did not mean much to Sally Horner. She had been irrevocably damaged. She would come to a tragic end not long after La Salle's conviction -- until being reborn, just a couple of years later, in Nabokov's novel. Ever since she has been a "girl immortalized, and forever trapped," by Nabokov's brilliance -- and her own bad luck.
It's not that it would be terribly difficult to manufacture Sarin nerve gas. The small Aum Shinrikyo doomsday cult produced loads of it for attacks in Japan in the early 1990's. It's just that medieval Arabs are too stupid to handle it. They can't even do mustard gas for which the recipes are on the Internet. That saves European cities.
Richard M. Stevenson 4081 Boring Lane San Francisco, CA 94118
The Hollywood Gossip by Hilton Hater, April 19, 2017, US
Just because you are rich and famous, this does not mean you do not suffer.
Tragically, the following stars all proved this point to be accurate when they took their own lives.
We mourn their passing and we hope they have found the peace in death that they could not find in life...
1. Robin Williams
Suffering from depression, Robin Williams hanged himself at the age of 63.
2. Mindy McCready
The country artist killed herself with a self-inflicted gunshot wound in 2013, having twice attempted suicide in the past. Her children were already in foster care at the time of her death.
3. Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain stunned the music world when the Nirvana lead singer killed himself via gunshot at the age of 27.
4. Tony Scott
The director of Top Gun and True Romance, among other hits, died from multiple blunt force injuries after leaping off a bridge into the Los Angeles Harbor. He left notes for his friends and family.
5. Jovan Belcher
Jovan Belcher, a linebacker on the Kansas City Chiefs at the time, shot his girlfriend dead and then drove to team headquarters where he shot and killed himself in front of his coach and general manager. Horrible stuff.
6. Lucy Gordon
The British actress appeared in Spiderman 3 and Serendipity and was sadly found dead in her Paris apartment. She hanged herself.
7. Jonathan Brandis
Jonathan Brandis, best known for his role in Neverending Story II, hanged himself. He died from his injuries in the hospital the next day.
8. Alexander McQueen
Alexander McQueen, a fashion designer, killed himself a week after his mother died by ingesting a cocktail of prescription meds and cocaine and then hanging himself.
9. Don Cornelius
Don Cornelius, the creator of Soul Train, ended his life ia self-inflicted shot to the head. He had despaired over his declining health and suffered multiple seizures caused by an aneurysm 15 years earlier.
10. Lee Thompson Young
Lee Thompson Young was starring on Rizzoli & Isles when he died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound; he did not leave a note.
11. Gia Allemand
Gia Allemand, a model and former suitor on The Bachelor, hanged herself at the young age of 29.
12. Junior Seau
Junior Seau, a star NFL linebacker who suffered from concussions, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest at the age of 43.
13. L'Wren Scott
The fashion designer and girlfriend of Mick Jagger hanged herself with a scarf in 2014.
14. Lex McAllister
Lex McAllister was a contestant on season 14 of The Bachelor. She took her own life via a prescription pill overdose in February of 2016.
15. Dana Plato
Plato was best known for her role on Diff'rent Strokes. She fell into drug addiction and committed suicide by taking an overdose of prescription pills in 1999.
16. Chris Benoit
In one of the most grisly stories we can recall, former WWE star Chris Benoit committed suicide by hanging himself after strangling his wife to death and suffocating his 7-year-old son, Daniel.
17. Simone Battle
The artist, a member of the group G.R.L. and an X Factor finalist hanged herself in 2014.
18. David Foster Wallace
Following a lengthy battle with depression, novelist and journalist David Foster Wallace hanged himself in 2008 at the age of 46.
19. Dave Mirra
Dave Mirra was a legend in the world of BMX. He stunned his fans when he took his own life via gunshot wound in early 2016.
20. Clay Adler
Adler, who starred for two seasons on MTV's Newport Harbor, shot himself in the head in March of 2017.
21. Aaron Hernandez
Aaron Hernandez, the former New England Patriots tight end who was found guilty of first-degree murder in 2015, has committed suicide.
According to prison officials, Hernandez hanged himself via a bed sheet while inside his cell at the Souza Baranowski Correctional Center in Massachusetts.
Timothy E. Walker 3097 Copperhead Road Farmington, CT 06032
To those whose delicate sensitivities were likely to be upset at the sight of spouting blood or severed limbs, this method of execution proved to be ideal. At best the victim, while dying, was completely hidden from view; at worst, where the victim was buried up to the neck, at least only the head was visible, death being apparent when finally the eyes closed and silence reigned.
Although in Saxon times some barons disposed of their criminals by forcing them into a crucet house, a short, narrow chest, the spikes with which it was lined bringing about a slow and agonising death, burying alive never really caught on in England, only one case being reported in the ancient annals. That occurred in 1222:
A similar device to the Saxon crucet house was employed in France, and was known as the chambre crucer. This was a chest, also studded with spikes or containing sharp stones, into which the victim was crammed and then buried alive.
Sometimes the chest was dispensed with, as in 1460 when a Frenchwoman, condemned for theft, was sentenced to be buried alive before the gallows. And the Duc de Soissons, on discovering that a manservant of his had had the temerity to tarry one of the maids without first obtaining the ducal permission, had them both buried alive in the grounds of his estate.
Earlier, in the thirteenth century, during the war against the Albigenses, the sister of the governor of Le Voeur was lowered into a pit, which was then filled up with boulders.
In Germany duels, with clubs as weapons, took place between men and women, much thought having first been given to equalise the obvious discrepancies between the sexes, the man, one hand tied behind his back, was armed with three clubs but had to stand up to his waist in a large hole in the arena. The woman, at liberty to move where she wished, had three stones, each swathed in cloths.
The rules of the contest were listed in a book written by H.C. Lea in 1892: each of the adversaries would proceed to strike the other as opportunity presented itself, but should the man, either in order to maintain his balance or to recover from a blow, touch the ground with his hand or arm, he would forfeit a club. Should the woman hit him with a stone after he had lost all his clubs, she would lose one of her stones. If, during the combat, she managed to render the man unconscious, he would be executed. But should he, despite her elusiveness, be able to club her into insensibility, she would be declared the loser, and would be buried alive.
Dutch women also suffered similar deaths, not by contests but at the hands of the Spanish, when that nation ruled The Netherlands. One, Ann Ven der Hoor, of the town of Malines, refused to embrace Roman Catholicism and was buried alive, only her head being left exposed. A final choice being given, she refused to abjure her faith, and so the executioner covered her head with earth, then stamped on her until she expired.
Switzerland, too, disposed of some of its unfortunates by burial, preferring, however, to entomb them within walls or cellars of buildings, a method adopted by the Ancient Persians, whose condemned criminals were imprisoned inside the double walls of houses adjoining the main roads in the cities. To increase their torment they were bound hand and foot, thereby making it impossible for them to reach the gifts of food and water pushed through crevices in the walls by sympathetic passers-by.
In India the practice of burying female offenders alive was associated with chastity or rather the loss of it. Sir Thomas Roe, visiting the court of the Great Mogul in Bengal in 1614, reported that a woman, discovered to be involved in an intrigue with a lover, was placed upright in a hole containing a stake to which her feet were bound. The earth was rammed round her legs and body up to the armpits and she was kept in this position for three days and two nights without food or water. Her head was uncovered, ensuring that she was fully exposed to the heat of the tropical sun. Had she survived the ordeal, a pardon would have been granted, but the privations were too overwhelming, and she died shortly afterwards.
The price of unchastity was also high in the days of the Romans. Vestal Virgins who yielded to temptation and so lost their qualifications and honoured places in the temple were, promulgated in 451 bc in the Decemviri of the Twelve Tables, forthwith entombed in a small cave or buried alive in the ground, wearing only a single garment.
One Virgin was thus buried because, on seeing a wedding, she murmured wistfully: 詮elices nuptae! Moriar ni nubere dulce est. (践ail, happy bride! I wish I were dead, or married! ) The former of her wishes was swiftly granted.
Further east, the wind-blown sands all but obliterate the old caravan route which leads from Karakorum, once the capital city of Genghis Khan, traverses the Gobi Desert via the Mongolian towns of Bayan Tumen and Baruun Urta, and ends at Peking (now Beijing). The route is lined with small mounds, each the trial place of those who, in the sixteenth century, sought to ambush and rob the rich merchants of their spices and ivory, their silver and jewels.
Many expeditions were led against the wily raiding parties, but few of their members were captured, and it became obvious that stern deterrents were required. As in London at that time, where the practice of exhibiting the heads of wrongdoers on London Bridge warned of dire retribution, so the authorities in Mongolia bethought themselves of the qualities of the soil of their region which, when mixed with straw and water, solidified into a form of cement.
Accordingly, captured bandits were buried alive at intervals alongside the caravan route, in holes filled with the mixture, their visible heads functioning both as signposts for the merchants and 銭eep Off signs for any would-be marauder.
Women were created from a bone of man. Or was that a boner?
Edward S. Brooking 3472 Oak Ridge Drive Rolla, MO 65401
A paedophile who survived a suicide pact that killed his partner left a chilling note saying that "nothing had been the victim's fault".
Stephen Southam, 60, and his lover David Murray took an overdose after they were told to hand themselves into police by a friend of their victim and feared their sordid secrets would be exposed.
But the 60-year-old survived the suicide attempt and has since been jailed for 15 years after admitting a five year 田ampaign of extreme abuse on the vulnerable schoolboy.
Leicester Crown Court was told the boy felt so "broken" by his ordeal he tried to kill himself and it was only last August that he eventually confided in his girlfriend and another friend about his abusers.
The friend then confronted Murray over the phone, telling him they should hand themselves into a police station.
Realising the net was closing in Southam and his partner of 28-years entered into a suicide pact and they both took overdoses but only Murray was successful.
James Thomas, prosecuting, said they left suicide a note "indicating nothing had been the victim's fault."
It also stated that Southam and his partner were living "in the bottom of a mental cesspit" at the time and "everyone will be at peace."
Southam, who was described as a threat to adolescent boys, pleaded guilty to a series of sex offences upon the child aged 11 to 15.
He admitted five specimen counts of indecent assault, an attempted indecent assault and attempted rape between 1997 and 2002.
The court was told the victim kept the abuse a secret for many years, and in a statement he described himself as being left "broken," suffering panic attacks and unable to sleep.
The court was told Southam, of Thringstone, Leicestershire, was jailed for eight months in 2009 for downloading indecent images of children and supplying cannabis to a 14-year-old boy he admitted having sexual fantasies about.
Handing him a 15 year prison sentence Judge Philip Head told Southam he would only be eligible for parole after serving two thirds of the 10 year term.
The judge said: "This was a prolonged and extreme campaign of sexual abuse of him. He later tried to kill himself at 17."
He said Southam, who also made the youngster watch pornography, was undeterred by the victim's resistance to the abuse.
He said: "You were acting in concert with your partner, who killed himself when disclosure was made.
"Much of this was committed jointly by two adults upon one child. It's caused grave psychological harm.
"In his victim personal statement he gives a moving account of the dreadful effect upon him and he later contemplated suicide a second time.
"There's a significant risk to members of the public, particularly young adolescent boys, of you committing further offences."
Sarah Cornish, mitigating, said: "He's tearfully and emotionally expressed genuine remorse and wants to tell (the victim) he's sorry and none of it was his fault.
"He accepts all the matters and aggravating features and the complainant has been spared giving evidence at a trial.
Southam was told he will have to sign on a sex offender register for life and was placed on a 15-year sexual harm prevention order.
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