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Pain killers reduce sexual drive, sperm count – Expert

A medical practitioner at the Federal Medical Centre, Jabi, Abuja, Dr Arikawe Adeolu, on Tuesday, said that long use of analgesics and antidepressant drugs, could cause sexual dysfunction and low sperm count.

Adeolu told the News Agency of Nigeria in an interview that the class of analgesics that could cause this condition was the narcotic analgesic, an example of which is morphine.

The medical expert said morphine affects the hormonal balance of the body and causes an increase in production of prolactin, adding that increased prolactin in the body can led to infertility in both men and women.

Prolactin is a hormone released by the pituitary grand in the brain. its primary role is to help initiate and maintain breast milk production in pregnant and nursing women.

He said that because prolactin could be induced by the use of this drug, “men who used it would experience low sperm count, while women would experience menstrual irregularities.”

According to him, both sexes will experience decreased libido as prolactin blocks the other hormones responsible for reproduction.

Adeolu said, “A class of anti-hypertensive drugs can also cause sexual dysfunction. These drugs are centrally acting anti-hypertensive medication, one of which is methyldopa, commonly known as aldomet.

“For antidepressants, they affect a particular neurotransmitter which is called by serotonin. Serotonin is very important in the control of sexual behaviour.

“Once the neurotransmitter level is affected, there is a risk of sexual dysfunction which leads to reduction in sexual drive, inability to have an erection and ejaculation in men.

“For women it can cause a decrease in libido that is the sexual drive, delayed orgasm and wetness of the vagina.”

He said that other commonly used medications that could cause sexual dysfunction included: antihistamines, ketoconazole an antifungal, anti-seizure drugs and alcohol.

Adeolu said that the risk of sexual dysfunction was only significant with long term use of these medications or overdose.

He said the sexual dysfunction caused by use of these drugs was not permanent, adding that cessation of use of the drugs could reverse the condition.

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Any permanent relaxation of tension with the outside world, no matter how heroically it might be effected, would ultimately undermine Kim Jong Un’s hold on power

Isn’t it time, then, that we paid more attention to the DPRK’s own declarations of its intentions? Reiterated in Kim Jong Un’s New Year’s address, and featured in garish new wall posters, the slogan of “autonomous unification” seems harmless to most outsiders, as the regime knows only too well. To the North Koreans themselves, it has always stood for the conquest or subjugation of South Korea after nullification or removal of the U.S. military presence.

“Final victory,” which means the same thing, is another slogan that has taken on special urgency in the past decade, particularly in the domestic-only propaganda that the regime keeps offline. According to South Korean intelligence, which has been right about so much in the past few years, Kim Jong Un has been vocally raising the military’s hopes for “final victory” in the very near future. Like his predecessors before him, he appears sure that the removal of the rival state is the only long-term solution to the regime’s security problem.

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Indian anti-HIV herbal drugs get export orders from Africa.

PUNE: A team of scientists from Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University (BVDU), who have developed two herbal medicines to reduce the viral load in body and improve the immunity system of HIV+ patients, is getting export orders from Zambia and Nigeria.

“We have developed two types of herbal drugs against HIV infection, Cytonini and Cytomow. Cytonini reduces the viral load in a patient, while Cytomow increases immunity levels,” faculty at department of microbiology, Yashwantrao Mohite College, BVDU and head of the research team, B B Ballal said.

Apart from Ballal, the team comprises Chandrani Kundu, MSc microbiology students Vishal Bhat, Yashpal Yadav, Sanika Veer, Smita Bayas, Nitya Sharma, Priya Mindhe and Dimpal Bhat.

“As compared to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) administered to HIV+ patients, our drugs neither have side effects nor lead to drug resistance. Tests showed the CD4 count went up in many patients from as low 150 to 440. Patients were in a better position to fight symptomatic diseases like TB associated with HIV,” he said.

With the news of these drugs reaching the foreign shores, a pharmaceutical dealer for African markets approached Ballal for supplying these anti-HIV drug packets abroad.

“Our exports have just started. We hope to contribute in saving many lives from ending prematurely due to HIV-AIDS," he said.

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