Tongkat ali scam with forged and irrelevant government licenses

Index of all articles

One tongkat ali scam currently making its rounds is to trick people out of their money by presenting forged or irrelevant licenses of the Indonesian government, as well as forged lab tests.

Irrelevant licenses are, for example, licenses pertaining to a business registration.

Indonesia is a Western democracy, with many rules equivalent to those of Western countries. [14] [15]

This means everybody of legal age can walk into the concerned municipal office and register a business. In Germany, such a document is called Gewerbeschein, and it is issued in 20 minutes.

Even street vendors of newspapers need to have such a Gewerbeschein, and so do drug-addicted youth selling their hand-made jewelery.

It’s the same in Indonesia which still follows the old Dutch codes in many matters of trade. [16] [17] [18]

The following licenses are issued to any Indonesian who applies for them:

SIUP – Surat Izin Usaha Perdagangan – general business permit; every Indonesian business obtains this simply by request

TDP – Tanda Daftar Perusahaan – business registration; just a fancy registration receipt

HO – Surat Izin Gangguan – a permit to cause disturbance; every Indonesian business has this

Akte Pendirian Usaha – a simple notarized form of business registration

It may not be as quick as in Germany, but all of the above are a mere formality, and cost only nominal fees.

Any Indonesian website selling tongkat ali that tries to project an image of legality and credibility by publishing such irrelevant documents on their website is taking consumers for a ride… and it’s likely to be an expensive ride for the mislead buyer, both financially and in terms of the damage done to his or her health.

The single relevant license that an Indonesian business selling tongkat ali must possess is a Nomor Depkes.

The Nomor Depkes is a product-specific registration code that permits a product to be sold as medicine or traditional medicine.

Any buyer of any tongkat ali product originating from Indonesia, or claiming to originate from Indonesia, should demand from the vendor the Nomor Depkes. If the vendor cannot provide this, it is obvious that the product is a fake, and most likely a dangerous one on top of that.

Now, if a supplier comes up with a Nomor Depkes, feel free to write to me. You may want to do this because some illegitimate distributors just usurp a Nomor Depkes from a legitimate sources, and I can show you how to find out.

Furthermore, I have seen documents in the name of a woman who has been named after the city of Medan. These documents misrepresented a large production facility belonging to “Sumatra Pasak Bumi” as belonging to her and her outfit, established just a few month ago.

Buyer beware. It doesn’t take much computer knowledge to forge scans of documents, or jpgs stolen from other websites. [19] [20] [21]

If ever you want graphic proof of how authentic a company is, look for photos. Photos are not as easy to manipulate as are scans of “licenses”. Any genuine company will include on their website photos of their buildings, their staff, their raw materials, and their production processes.

References:


1 Vincent J. Gnoffo, Requiring a Thumbprint for Notarized Transactions: The Battle against Document Fraud, HeinOnline, Rev. 803 (1997-1998).


2 Amy E. Robillard and Ron Fortune, Toward A New Content for Writing Courses: Literary Forgery, Plagiarism, and the Production of Belief, JAC, Vol. 27, No. 1/2 (2007), pp. 185-210.


3 Yael Navaro-Yashin, Make-believe papers, legal forms and the counterfeit Affective interactions between documents and people in Britain and Cyprus, SAGE Journals, Anthropological Theory March 2007 vol. 7 no. 1 79-98.


4 Justin Picard, Claus Vielhauer, Niels Thorwirth, Towards fraud-proof ID documents using multiple data hiding technologies and biometrics, SPIE Digital Library, From Conference Volume 5306 (June 22, 2004).


5 David L. Greenaway, Documents embossed with optical markings representing genuineness information, Jan 22, 1980.


6 Berg, I. A., A comparative study of forgery., Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 28(3), Jun 1944, 232-238.


7 Eggert, Paul, Authenticity and forgery: ‘this branch of human wickedness’: a review article. [Review of Forged Documents: Proceedings of the 1989 Houston Conference], Bulletin (Bibliographical Society of Australia and New Zealand) Volume 15 Issue 1 (Sept 1991) ISSN: 0084-7852


8 WANG Yue, The Procedure and Key Points for Examination of Forged Printed Documents, Chinese Journal of Forensic Sciences 2012-02.


9 A Jessica Fridrich , B David Soukal , A Jan Lukas, Detection of copy-move forgery in digital images, Proceedings of Digital Forensic Research Workshop.(2003).


10 WANG Lizhi, Inspection of Changed and Forged Computer-Printed Documents, Journal of Liaoning Police Academy 2005-05.


11 Mohammed B. Hemraj, The Crime of Forgery, Emerald Insight, Journal of Financial Crime Vol. 9 Iss: 4, pp.355 – 359 1993.


12 LI De-ying, LU Yu, WANG Kong-bao, Systematic Examination of Forged Documents with Authentic Seal Stamps, Chinese Journal of Forensic Sciences 2002-01.


13 Tkachenko, I., Puech, W., Strauss, O., Gaudin, J.-M., Fighting against forged documents by using textured image, IEEE Xplore Digital Library, pp. 790-794.

14
Samuel P. Huntington, Democracy’s Third Wave Project MUSE Scholarly Journals Online

15
Herbert Feith, The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia 2007

16
J. Leyser, Legal Developments in Indonesia, The American Journal of Comparative Law
Vol. 3, No. 3 (Summer, 1954), pp. 399-411

17
James H. Mysbergh, The Indonesian Elite, Far Eastern Survey
Vol. 26, No. 3 (Mar., 1957), pp. 38-42

18
arel A. Steenbrink, Dutch Colonialism and Indonesian Islam: Contacts and Conflicts, 1596-1950, Amsterdam – New York 2006

19
Bruce Schneier, Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World, Wiley Publishing 2004

20
Thomas A. Johnson, Forensic Computer Crime Investigation 2005 Taylor & Francis Group

21
Elliot McGucken, System and method for content marketplace, DRM marketplace, distribution marketplace, and search engine: the dodge city marketplace and search engine Nov 1, 2007

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Revealed: Paedophile criminologist Paul Wilson wanted age of consent scrapped and defended child abusers saying they ‘look after’ their victims

25 November 2016 – Daily Mail

He was once one of the country’s most well-regarded criminologists – but following his conviction this week Paul Wilson will now go down in history as a child abuser.

5-5-7.COM – 8/16/2020

While his guilty verdict shocked many in court on Wednesday, it has emerged that Wilson has a sordid history of defending paedophiles and promoting ‘man-boy love’.

In 1981, Wilson published a book defending the activities of a follow paedophile as merely a ‘hobby’, suggesting that abusers ‘go to great lengths to look after the child’ they attack, and arguing that the age of consent should be abolished.

The book was called The Man They Called a Monster and was based on the life of Clarence Howard-Osborne, a government official and serial child abuser.

Over the course of two decades Howard-Osborne preyed on young boys, photographing and filming the encounters as well as keeping a detailed filing cabinet full of ‘data’ he collected.

In his own mind, he was carrying out important social research that justified his sickening sexual habits, the Daily Telegraph reports.

Howard-Osborne confessed to Wilson after he began to suspect the police were going to arrest him, before committing suicide as the net closed around him.

Two years after he died, Wilson published his book, defending Howard-Osborne’s actions as a ‘hobby’.

He wrote: ‘Clarence Osborne and his fellow paedophiles are just part of a long tradition of folk devils created by a vengeful society and a sensationalist press.’

In his view, there was nothing wrong with having sex with children, provided no ‘violence, force, fraud or pressure’ was used.

In a section dealing with the ‘rights’ of children, he added: ‘It is only logical that children should have the right to conduct their sexual lives with no more restrictions than adults do.’

In the same section he argued for the abolition of any age of consent, and ‘all legislation relating to the age of consent in the field of sexuality specifically.’

More than 20 years on from the publication of that book, Wilson has been found guilty of playing blindfolded sex games and touching a young girl at his home.

The 75-year-old was found guilty of sexually abusing a girl under the age of 12 at his Indooroopilly house in Brisbane between 1973 and 1976, just before he began his friendship with Howard-Osborne.

The now-retiree was also convicted of playing blindfolded games of hide and seek with his victim, making her take her clothes off when he caught her.

The court heard he once lured the victim into his room and asked her to pat a cat he was holding over his exposed genitals, reports ABC.

Prosecutor Phil McCarthy previously told the Brisbane District Court jury that Wilson had a persistent sexual interest in his victim and the repeated abuse only stopped when she and her family moved away.

When questioned by the prosecutor, Wilson vehemently denied ever abusing the girl, which he deemed was ‘fantasy.’

‘I never played hide and seek with any children…That is absolute fantasy, it never occurred.’

He was convicted of four counts of indecent treatment of a child on Wednesday after an eight-day trial.

The jury of six men and six women reached unanimous verdicts after deliberating for around two hours.

There were gasps from the packed public gallery as the verdicts were announced but Wilson showed no emotion.

Wilson was sentenced to 18 months in jail to be suspended after six months.

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Demography is destiny. That is why Saudi Arabia and Qatar have established billion-dollar funds to provide financial support for every child born in Europe to a Muslim parent. The money is available through mosque charities.

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Don’t bother whether your sex is legal or illegal. Just go for it. Because the eternal life of your soul depends on whether your sex is good enough on earth.

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Testosterone causing blood clots, butea superba may be an alternative

Medical News Today

To counter the negative effects of aging, many men seek androgen hormone replacement therapy, usually in the form of testosterone.

Testosterone is the hormone that is responsible for masculine growth and development during puberty. Testosterone levels naturally decrease with age.

After the age of 40, many men are diagnosed with hypogonadism, a condition where the body does not produce enough testosterone. As a result, men may experience symptoms similar to that of the female menopause.

Testosterone is commonly prescribed in hypogonadism, as it can improve muscle strength and sex drive. An increasing number of men have been seeking the treatment, with studies showing that the number of testosterone therapy prescriptions in the first decade of this century has nearly tripled.

But there are caveats. In June 2014, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – in partnership with Health Canada – required that testosterone products carry a warning about the risk of developing blood clots, or venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Alternatively, a number of men have switched to butea superba, a Thai testosterone booster.

Assessing the risk of VTE in testosterone treatment

A team of international researchers – led by Carlos Martinez of the Institute for Epidemiology, Statistics and Informatics GmbH in Frankfurt, Germany – decided to investigate the risk of VTE associated with testosterone treatment in men, with a focus particularly on the timing of the risk.

The study – published in The BMJ – collected data from over 2.22 million men registered with the UK Clinical Practice Research Database between January 2001 and May 2013.

Of these, they looked at 19,215 patients with confirmed VTE – including deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – and 909,530 control participants of the same age.

Researchers identified three main, mutually exclusive exposure groups: current treatment, recent – but not current – treatment, and no treatment in the last 2 years.

Current treatment duration was divided into more or less than 6 months.

Testosterone users have a 63 percent higher risk of VTE

After adjusting for comorbidities and other influencing factors, researchers estimated the rate ratios of VTE in association with current testosterone treatment and compared it with no treatment.

In the first 6 months of testosterone treatment, researchers found a 63 percent increased risk of VTE. This is the equivalent of an additional 10 VTEs above the base rate of 15.8 per 10,000 person years.

This risk decreased significantly after 6 months and after treatment had ceased.

According to the authors, the study highlights the need for further investigation of the temporary increase in the risk of VTE:

“Our study suggests a transient increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism that peaks during the first 3-6 months and declines gradually thereafter. Failure to investigate the timing of venous thromboembolisms in relation to the duration of testosterone use could result in masking of an existing transient association.”

The authors highlight, however, that the risks seem to be temporary and very low in absolute terms.

Martinez and team also note the limitations of their research. Due to the observational nature of their investigation, they cannot draw any conclusions on the cause and effect of this association between VTE risk and testosterone treatment.

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Men are our competitors. We want less of those around. Women are our prey. We want them poor and helpless.

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It’s not that we would be madly in love with Donald Trump. But at least, he’s not a feminist. Now that is something to vote for.
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Shockwave treatment of erectile dysfunction

Abstract

Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) is a novel modality that has recently been developed for treating erectile dysfunction (ED). Unlike other current treatment options for ED, all of which are palliative in nature, LI-ESWT is unique in that it aims to restore the erectile mechanism in order to enable natural or spontaneous erections. Results from basic science experiments have provided evidence that LI-ESWT induces cellular microtrauma, which in turn stimulates the release of angiogenic factors and the subsequent neovascularization of the treated tissue. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been clinically investigated and applied in several medical fields with various degrees of success. High-intensity shock wave therapy is used for lithotripsy because of its focused mechanical destructive nature, and medium-intensity shock waves have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and are used for treating a wide array of orthopedic conditions, such as non-union fractures, tendonitis, and bursitis. In contrast, LI-ESWT has angiogenetic properties and is therefore used in the management of chronic wounds, peripheral neuropathy, and in cardiac neovascularization. As a result of these characteristics we initiated a series of experiments evaluating the effect of LI-ESWT on the cavernosal tissue of patients with vasculogenic ED. The results of our studies, which also included a double-blind randomized control trial, confirm that LI-ESWT generates a significant clinical improvement of erectile function and a significant improvement in penile hemodynamics without any adverse effects. Although further extensive research is needed, LI-ESWT may create a new standard of care for men with vasculogenic ED.

Keywords: erectile dysfunction, male impotence, shockwaves, therapy

Introduction

The current nonsurgical treatment modalities in the management of erectile dysfunction (ED) mainly consist of oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) and/or intracavernosal injections of vasodilating agents. These treatments are very effective and are reasonably safe with rare unwanted or adverse effects. However, they all share the same major drawback: they do not alter the underlying pathophysiology of the erectile mechanism. These treatments are usually taken on demand, prior to the sexual act, and their effect is essentially time limited. Although daily administration of a PDE5i instead of on-demand treatment does address some of these problems, it still does not modify the pathophysiology of the erectile process. Moreover, the evidence that its effect on the erectile tissue is long-lasting is very limited. Presently, only a small number of men with ED can be offered treatment that would restore their spontaneous erectile function. This group includes those who would benefit from various lifestyle or drug regimen modifications, those who can be treated for relevant endocrine disorders, or those with vasculogenic ED who would benefit from microvascular surgery. Most patients with ED rely on their treatment in order to maintain their sexual function; providing a treatment for men with ED that is rehabilitative or even curative and enables them to regain spontaneous sexual activity with normal intimacy and without adverse effects is an unmet medical goal. Recently, data from several studies have accumulated that this goal could probably be met by low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LI-ESWT) of the corpora cavernosa. This review intends to summarize the scientific background underlying the effect of this energy as well as recent clinical evidence of its effect in patients with vasculogenic ED.

Background

Shockwaves (SWs) are acoustic waves that carry energy and when propagating through a medium, can be targeted and focused noninvasively to affect a distant selected anatomical region.

When LI-ESWT is applied to an organ, the relatively weak yet focused SWs interact with the targeted deep tissues where they cause mechanical stress and microtrauma. This stress and microtrauma (also known as shear stress) induces a cascade of biological reactions that result in the release of angiogenic factors which in turn triggers neovascularization of the tissue with subsequent improvement of the blood supply.

LI-ESWT in vitro and animal studies

Research on the biological effects of LI-ESWT has mainly been focused on vasculogenesis and local neovascularization. Wang and colleagues [Wang et al. 2003] discovered that LI-ESWT stimulates the expression of angiogenesis-related growth factors, such as endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and endothelial cell proliferation factors, such as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). They also reported that LI-ESWT induces neovascularization, and consequently improves blood supply. Interestingly, they found that 1 week after LI-ESWT, the angiogenic marker levels rose significantly and this effect lasted for approximately 8 weeks. They also showed that neovascularization and cell proliferation were evident 4 weeks after LI-ESWT and persisted for more than 12 weeks. The same group [Wang et al. 2003] investigated the effect of LI-ESWT on neovascularization of the tendon-bone junction. For this purpose, LI-ESWT was applied to the Achilles tendon junction of 50 New Zealand rabbits. The extent of neovascularization was determined from the expression of VEGF, eNOS, and PCNA. They found that the number of neovessels and the expressions of the angiogenic markers and PCNA were substantially increased by LI-ESWT. This group previously reported similar findings in a smaller canine study [Wang et al. 2002] on the effect of this energy on bone–tendon junction in eight dogs: new capillaries and muscularized vessels were seen in obtained specimens 4 and 8 weeks after local LI-ESWT, with no change in the untreated sites.

The effect of LI-ESWT on intracellular VEGF levels has also been reported by Gutersohn and colleagues [Gutersohn et al. 1999] in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). They found that levels of VEGF mRNA in the LI-ESWT-treated cells were significantly greater than those in the untreated controls. The effect of LI-ESWT on intracellular VEGF levels in HUVECs has also been reported by Nishida and colleagues [Nishida et al. 2004], who found that LI-ESWT significantly increased the expression of VEGF mRNA and its receptor, Flt-1. Their investigations on the effects of LI-ESWT on a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia also showed that VEGF expression was significantly upregulated in the ischemic myocardial cells after treatment [Nishida et al. 2004].

Progenitor cell therapy has recently been suggested as a new approach to boost neovascularization of ischemic tissues. During acute ischemia, the release of chemo-attractant factors (i.e. VEGF) act as homing factors for circulating progenitor cells (CPCs). Aicher and colleagues [Aicher et al. 2006] investigated the effect of LI-ESWT on homing of infused human CPCs in rats with chronic hind limb ischemia. For this purpose, they applied LI-ESWT (500 hits) to the adductor muscles of the right hind limb of rats (the left hind limbs were used as the controls). Twenty-four hours after LI-ESWT, labeled CPCs were then injected. Forty-eight hours following labeled human CPC injection to the rats. They found a substantially higher number of CPCs in the SW-treated versus the untreated adductor muscles. A significant increase in blood flow was also documented following CPC treatment and LI-ESWT. From these results, Aicher and colleagues concluded that LI-ESWT may improve the efficacy of CPC treatment in chronic ischemia.

LI-ESWT for cardiac disease

The effect of LI-ESWT on the myocardium has also been intensively studied in recent years. In a porcine model of ischemia-induced myocardial dysfunction, Nishida and colleagues [Nishida et al. 2004] applied LI-ESWT to chronic ischemic hearts of 28 domestic pigs. They found that LI-ESWT improved regional myocardial blood flow and the wall thickening fraction, and even brought about complete recovery of the left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. In contrast, sustained myocardial dysfunction was found in the pigs which did not receive LI-ESWT. No complications, including arrhythmias, were observed during or after the treatment. In another study in pigs with an acute myocardial infarction, Uwatoku and colleagues [Uwatoku et al. 2007] demonstrated that LI-ESWT has a positive effect on LV remodeling. Finally, Ito and colleagues [Ito et al. 2010] showed that LI-ESWT also improved LV remodeling after the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Clinically, the effect of LI-ESWT on the heart has also been investigated in a double-blind sham-controlled study in eight human patients with severe ischemic heart disease [Kikuchi et al. 2010]. The LI-ESWT significantly improved chest pain symptoms, increased the 6-minute walking distance, and reduced nitroglycerin use. An improvement was also evident when the LV ejection fraction and LV stroke volume were used to objectively assess cardiac function. Importantly, they reported that LI-ESWT was safe without any complications or adverse effects.

Yang and colleagues [Yang et al. 2012], in a randomized, double-blind, controlled study, also investigated the effects of LI-ESWT in 25 patients with ischemic heart disease in which angina severity scales and questionnaires were used to measure the response. Their results were similar to those that were reported by Kikuchi and colleagues [Kikuchi et al, 2010]. None of the patients in the control group reported improvements after treatment. Comparable results have also been reported by Vasyuk and colleagues [Vasyuk et al. 2010] and Wang and colleagues [Wang et al. 2012] in patients with severe coronary artery disease and refractory angina to whom LI-EWST was applied.

LI-ESWT for ED

Since one of the underlying functional causes of ED is poor cavernosal arterial blood flow, we hypothesized that inducing neovascularization by LI-ESWT could potentially improve cavernosal arterial flow which in turn would improve erectile function. If this hypothesis could be proved, LI-ESWT could then become an effective and noninvasive treatment for ED.

The purpose of our first study was to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of LI-ESWT in 20 men, aged 56.1 ± 10.7 years, with mild to moderate ED due to cardiovascular disease and without any neurogenic etiology [Vardi et al. 2010]. These patients had ED for almost 3 years (average), and all were able to function sexually with the use of PDE5i (i.e. PDE5i responders). Our treatment protocol was based on the described methodology used in cardiac LI-ESWT [Kikuchi et al. 2010], with modifications according to the depth of the target tissue (corpora) and to anatomical differences. We applied 300 SWs (energy intensity of 0.09 mJ/mm2) to each of five different sites: three along the penile shaft and two at the crural level. The protocol consisted of two treatment sessions per week for 3 weeks, a 3-week no-treatment interval, and a second 3-week treatment period of two treatment sessions per week.

One month after LI-ESWT, the erectile function in 15 men improved. An increase by more than five points in the International Index of Erectile Function – Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) domain score was noted in 14 men, and by more than 10 points in 7 men. Five men did not respond to LI-ESWT. Overall, the average increase in the IIEF-EF domain scores was 7.4 points (13.5–20.9, p = 0.001). Furthermore, erectile function and penile blood flow were measured using nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) and venous occlusion plethysmography of the penis, respectively. LI-ESWT improved all NPT parameters, especially in the 15 men who responded to LI-ESWT, where significant increases in the duration of the erections and penile rigidity were recorded. Penile blood flow also improved significantly and a strong correlation was found between the increase in the IIEF-EF domain scores and the improvement in penile blood flow at the 1-month follow-up examination. At the 6-month follow-up visit, 10 men reported that they still had spontaneous erections that were sufficient for penetration and did not require PDE5i support.

In view of these very successful preliminary results, the effect of LI-ESWT was further investigated in a group of men whose ED was more severe than that of the first group of study patients [Gruenwald et al. 2012]. The average initial IIEF-EF domain score of the 29 men who were recruited for this second study was 8.8 ± 1. All 29 men had not responded to oral PDE5i therapy, and had multiple cardiovascular risk factors (23), cardiovascular disease (11), and diabetes mellitus (14). The specific aim of this second study was to investigate the ability of LI-ESWT to convert nonresponders to PDE5i therapy to PDE5i responders, so that they were able to achieve vaginal penetration with oral PDE5i therapy. The results were comparable to the first study. Three months after the completion of the LI-ESWT protocol, the IIEF-EF domain scores improved by at least five points in 22 men (76%) and the mean IIEF-EF domain score increased by 10 points (to 18.8 ± 1, p < 0.0001). At the end of the study, eight men (28%) achieved normal erections (IIEF-EF domain score greater than 25) and 21 of the 29 men were able to achieve vaginal penetration with oral PDE5i therapy. Overall, 21 men (72%) were converted to PDE5i responders. Cavernosal blood flow and penile endothelial function, as measured again by venous occlusion plethysmography of the penis (flow-mediated dilatation techniques [FMDs]), were both found to be significantly improved (p = 0.0001) in the men who responded to LI-ESWT. In both studies, a strong and significant correlation between the subjective assessment of sexual function using validated sexual function questionnaires and the objective results of penile blood flow and erectile function was found. Moreover, none of the men in both studies reported treatment-associated pain or any adverse events during or after the treatment. The encouraging results from these two studies led us to conduct a prospective, randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study on 60 men with ED [Vardi et al. 2012]. In this study, we investigated the effects of LI-ESWT on erectile function and penile blood flow using the identical treatment protocol and study parameters that were used in our previous two studies. For the sham-treatment, we used a probe which did not produce any SW energy but looked identical to the treatment probe and produced the same noise and feeling of a ‘hit’. The demographic characteristics and the baseline mean IIEF-EF scores of the treated and sham-treated patients of this third study were similar. We found that mean IIEF-EF domain scores of the treated men were significantly higher than those of the sham-treated men. This increase in the IIEF-EF domain scores was also accompanied by improvements in cavernosal blood flows and penile endothelial function, as measured by venous occlusion plethysmography of the penis (FMD). We have been following most of these men for more than 2 years and they all report that the beneficial response that was achieved immediately after therapy has not waned (Table 1). Table 1. Table 1. The clinical studies included in the paper. Discussion The management of ED has remarkably evolved during the last decade and achieving high-quality erections has become reasonably simple for some men with ED since the introduction of PDE5is. Nevertheless, all current available treatment modalities for ED are basically ‘on-demand’ therapies and their mechanism of action is to improve a single sexual encounter. One of the main research goals of this coming decade is finding a cure for ED. The current lines of investigation into new ED therapies are based on the Rho-kinase pathway, as well as exploring the feasibility of gene therapy through intracorporeal injections of plasmids and stem cell regenerative therapy. The introduction of a new therapeutic modality for ED whose underlying mechanism of action is unclear or unproven certainly warrants skepticism and criticism. Hence, there are more questions than answers regarding the therapeutic use of LI-ESWT for ED. On the other hand, our consistent and repeatable results withstand these doubts because the results from our three different studies not only confirm each other, but also demonstrate that LI-ESWT has a genuine physiological effect on the erectile mechanism. Although our results are promising, they are still limited. More double-blind, randomized, controlled trials and long-term follow-up studies to confirm our findings are essential. There is also still much to investigate about the effect of LI-ESWT on the various types of ED, and the clinical parameters that could be used to predict who would benefit from LI-ESWT and who would not still require clarification, definition, and validation. There is also a need to determine the treatment protocols of LI-ESWT in order to establish the optimal protocol, in which the number of treatments and the number of penile sites to expose to LI-ESWT are defined. In this regard, we are already investigating different protocols and are offering a second 9-week treatment course for those who responded only partially to the first treatment course. Other studies are crucial for determining the optimal treatment protocol that will provide the best clinical outcome. Basic research is unquestionably required in order to explore and understand the mechanism of action of LI-ESWT on erectile tissue, as well as on other biologic systems. Conclusions LI-ESWT is a revolutionary treatment of ED, and probably possesses unprecedented qualities that can rehabilitate erectile tissue. The clinical improvement in subjective erectile function together with the significant improvement in penile hemodynamics following LI-ESWT confirm that LI-ESWT has unique properties that may create a new standard of care for men with ED. LI-ESWT is both feasible and tolerable and without any adverse or unwanted effects. Its main advantage is its ability to improve and potentially restore erectile function in men with ED without additional pharmacotherapy. Hence, LI-ESWT is an appealing addition to the armamentarium of existing treatment options for ED. In the near future we hope that LI-ESWT will be used for the long-term clinical management of ED either as an alternative or as an enhancer to the current treatments of ED.

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Islamize Europe and get women out of politics. Feminism is the root if terrorism.

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We, the elite, want all young beautiful women for us. Better not to tax alcohol and tobacco, as it removes  low-quality men from the sexual arena. Also give them street drugs to ruin their health and lives.

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Botox Claimed To Be A Treatment For Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is a condition that affects hundreds of millions of men. Many of these men could potentially permanently overcome their sexual dysfunction by changing their lifestyle and simply live a healthier life.

However, many men treat erectile dysfunction by using drugs like Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra. Now, there is also a new candidate for treating erectile dysfunction: Botox.

Please note that Truelibido does not support using pharmaceutical drugs or Botox to deal with erectile dysfunction. These remedies only treat symptoms but do nothing to permanently solve these problems.

Two Canadian urologists believe that the Botox injections can increase blood flow to the penis by paralyzing the nerves in the penis that instruct the smooth muscles to contract. The injection would last for about 6 months and patients would then need to get new injections every six months. The treatment is claimed to be safe and has not had any side effects.

We are highly skeptical. Keep in mind that Botox is a neurotoxin. It paralyzes the nerve system and is in some studies reported to not remain in the local area of injection, but can spread throughout the body.

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In Uganda, rich fathers use super high dosages of butea superba combined with tongkat ali to turn their gay sons into heterosexual husbands.

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Most European women have gang rape fantasies, because their vaginas are so big that there is space for two or more dicks.

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Virginity for Sale: The Dark World of Forced Teen Prostitution

“In recent years, millions of women and girls have been trafficked across borders and within countries. The global trafficking industry generates an estimated 5 (billion) to 7 billion U.S. dollars each year, more than the profits generated by the arms and narcotics trades,” a February 2001 Asia Foundation and Horizons Project Population Council report said.

In the late 17th century, the brothel area of Kamathipura was established to service British troops in what was then called Bombay, India. In 2004, the cost to buy a trafficked girl from Nepal in what is now called Mumbai is 100,000 to 120,000 rupees ($2,004 to $2,405). Girls trafficked from Nepal are known as a tsukris. They have been “indentured” (forced) to work under a never-ending contract commonly found with human trafficking.

The industry in the trafficking of Nepali girls is a lucrative business, and it can include forced labor, domestic and factory work. Teenage girls are often used in the sex industries, though, because of the extreme profit for traffickers and the very low incidence of law enforcement against sex-industry racketeers.

Arresting the traffickers can be very tricky. In rural Nepal, this is a constant challenge because adequate police enforcement is often nonexistent. Seen only as an investment to brothel owners, trafficked girls, in addition to the daily sex-servicing of clients, are used by the brothel owners as “virgins” — owners attempt to sell a girl’s virginity over and over again. This insidious crime can be found throughout the back alleys of Mumbai.

So, why are most brothel owners interested much more in owning girls from Nepal versus girls from India?

Villages like Ichowk, Mahankal and Talmarang in the Sindhupalchok district in north-central Nepal are full of girls who are more than eager for a better life. The rural districts of Makwanpur, Dhading and Khavre are also very involved in the trafficking of girls.

Besides this, rural Nepalese girls are cheaper to buy, easier to control and enslave; they are known to be much more obedient and are considered more attractive for brothel owners who may want to resell them. Because of their naïveté, these girls are easier to cheat and to force into debt bondage because they have very little, if any, education, and they usually do not speak any of the native languages of India.

“Annually, according to U.S. government-sponsored research completed in 2006, approximately 800,000 people are trafficked across national borders, which does not include millions trafficked within their own countries. Approximately 80 percent of transnational victims are women and girls, and up to 50 percent are minors,” the U.S. Department of State reports in a 2008 study.

(On April 21, 2008, WNN correspondent Kamala Sarup organized a program on HIV/AIDS and trafficking in the district of Sindhupalchowk, Nepal. At the bottom of this article, she shares a firsthand story about the sex trafficking in Nepal.)

Easily Exploited Demographic

According to the Asia Foundation, a human rights advocacy group, many Nepali communities “recognize the role of social and economic hardships in vulnerability to trafficking. They also blame the immoral character of the trafficked girl herself. Girls who seek independence want exposure to the world outside.”

While girls are faced with desperate prospects in trying to “improve” their lives, they are many times “tempted by the prospect of gaining material benefits and are perceived as bad and more likely to be trafficked,” the Asia Foundation said.

The structure of Nepali and Indian societies serve to make these girls vulnerable. Girls and women in Nepal are usually only given status according to the economic and social standing of their fathers and/or brothers. A majority of Nepali women are expected to live according to “traditional” Nepali standards that leave little opportunity to build any self-esteem.

Eighty percent of Nepal’s population lives in rural areas. It is peopled by a majority of youth: the average age in Nepal is 20. According to 2007 statistics from the United Nations Development Program, Sindhupalchok district has a total population of 305,857. Literacy there is 46.5 percent. Infant mortality is 48 per 1,000 births; child mortality is 61 per 1,000. It is an area wracked with extreme poverty. Data from 2005 case records documented by six rehabilitation centers in Nepal of sex-trafficked women show that most (72.7 percent) rural girls who are trafficked are Hindu, 59.9 percent are unmarried, 46.5 percent are 16 to 18 years old and 77.2 percent have little to no education.

In many rural areas, some girls leave home because of domestic violence and other personal problems. But there also are many cases of girls who leave home purely in an attempt to better their lives, or to provide for family obligations. Many sex traffickers take advantage of these conditions as they falsely encourage girls to leave home.

Most sex trafficking (59.4 percent) in Nepal is carried out through dalals, or brokers, who falsely guarantee good work to girl-children who are willing to travel to other countries. Often these girls are persuaded by people who offer marriage and a better life, jobs or money. Many times, they and their parents are also promised education in the large cities of neighboring India. While this is not often the case, some parents who are suffering under severe economic hardship are also known to deceive their daughters as they sell them to traffickers.

Because most sex trafficking in rural Nepal is often made through personal contacts and arrangements, up-to-date, detailed and accurate documentation and data of girls who have been forced into the global sex industry in this region is still greatly lacking. Tragically, many missing girls from Nepal disappear deep into the brothel system of India. As time passes, they are often sold again and again, to one owner after another, only to settle deep into the degradation of life trapped as a young prostitute.

Girls who are victims of sex-trafficking in Nepal often live on the poorest, outcast edge from the lowest caste of society, where hardship is the norm. Often food may be scarce, or clean water unavailable. Missing girls can be as young as 8 or 9, but are most often 14 to 18. However, current trends are showing higher-caste girls are also being bought and sold.

For the last decade, it has been estimated that 6,000 to 7,000 girls are trafficked out of Nepal each year. But these numbers have recently risen substantially — current numbers are 10,000 to 15,000 girls yearly. The Central Intelligence Agency states that most trafficked girls are worth $250,000 on the sex-trades market.

The top destination for most Nepalese girls is to Mumbai brothels. Other common destinations for girls leaving Nepal include the cities of Pune, Delhi and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India. Trafficking is a lucrative business in Kolkata, too. Areas outside of India include cities in the Middle East and other Asia regions.The odds for a girl to escape her life in the brothels are very slim. Only a dismal percentage (6.9 percent) of brothel owners will voluntarily release a girl; 73.7 percent of all girls trapped inside the brothel system will only reach the outside world again if they are rescued.

The stay for most girls who are rescued from a brothel is 12 to 36 months. Unfortunately, those who cannot be rescued are trapped for many more years. Even with ongoing attempts by rescue agencies, countless girls fall desperately through the cracks.

Maiti Nepal, a 20-year-old rescue organization, based in Kathmandu, is one of the organizations that manages the ongoing rescue of Nepali girls from the brothels of Mumbai. Going up against organized crime in India is not an easy matter though. “The criminal elements that ‘deliver’ young girls are a ruthless enemy and have political connections at the highest levels in India and Nepal. Maiti Nepal’s main office in Kathmandu has been destroyed twice, and Maiti workers must travel with a bodyguard when overseeing rescue missions in India,” said the sister organization of Maiti Nepal, called Friends of Maiti Nepal.

High Exposure to HIV/AIDS

“It is estimated that 50 percent of Nepalese sex workers in Mumbai brothels are HIV-positive,” says a World Bank 2004 report. The youngest victims of sex trafficking are the ones most likely to be directly exposed to HIV/AIDS. There is an “increased risk among those trafficked prior to age 15 years,” says a 2007 report in the Journal of the American Medical Association. JAMA outlined statistics that prove a direct rise in HIV/AIDS cases in the youngest section of girls trafficked from Nepal. These girls are usually 9 to 14.

“Within this high-risk group, risk for HIV was increased among girls trafficked at 14 years or younger (60.6 percent HIV-positive) to those trafficked to Mumbai (49.6 percent HIV-positive) and to those reporting longer duration in brothels. The high rates of HIV infection seen among these survivors of trafficking, indicates a need for greater attention from the public health community to this population and to prevention of this violent gender-based crime and human rights violation.”

“In Mumbai and Pune, for example, 54 percent and 49 percent of sex workers, respectively, were found to be HIV-positive,” (India’s National AIDS Control Organization, 2005). A large proportion of women with HIV appear to have acquired the virus from regular partners who were infected during paid sex. HIV-prevention efforts targeted at sex workers are being implemented in India. However, the context of sex work is complex, and enforcement of outdated laws often act as a barrier against effective HIV-prevention and treatment efforts. Indeed, condom use is limited, especially when commercial encounters take place in ‘risky’ locations with low police tolerance for this activity.”

Drug use, too, among prostituted girls causes many problems when these girls are returned home to families and communities. Girls who have received no assistance with drug rehab often try to return to life in the brothels to feed their intense addictions. Drugs abused include cough syrup, cannabis, heroin and propoxyphene (Darvon), along with alcohol and mild tranquilizers.

“Injection-drug use appears to be extensive in Nepal and to overlap with commercial sex,” says World Bank Asia (2008). “Another important factor is the high number of sex workers who migrate or are trafficked to Mumbai, India to work, thereby increasing HIV prevalence in the sex workers’ network in Nepal more rapidly.”

Trafficking Remains Easy

“Trafficking in persons means the recruitment, transportation, purchase, sale, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by threat or use of violence, abduction, force, fraud, deception or coercion (including the abuse of authority), or debt bondage, for the purpose of placing or holding such person, whether for pay or not, in forced labor or slaverylike practices, in a community other than the one in which such person lived at the time of the original act described,” said Radhika Coomaraswamy, a Sri Lankan attorney and the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Violence, at the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

In 2007, the interim government of Nepal upheld sanctions against all human trafficking in Nepal.

THE INTERIM CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL, 2063 (2007)

29. Right Against Exploitation

(1) Every person shall have the right against exploitation.

(2) No person shall be exploited in the name of custom, tradition and practice,

or in any other way

(3) No person shall be subjected to human trafficking, slavery or bonded labor.

(4) No person shall be subject to forced labor.

Still, along the 1,740 mile border between Nepal and India, smuggling a girl is still very easy. Rescue agencies attempt to inspect cars for young girls who appear to be trafficked. But girls and traffickers still make it through, because these car searches and border interviews are usually done without the assistance of police or Nepal government agencies.

“Controlling trafficking has been compounded by the conflict of the last 10 years,” Arzu Rana Deuba, Ph.D. executive chairwoman of Samanata Institute for Social and Gender Equality in Kathmandu, said in a September 2008 interview with photojournalist Mikel Dunham. “The communities (in Nepal) became poorer, and some of them had no recourse but to try to find a means for a livelihood. During and after the conflict, there was a lot of displacement, a lot of women came to the urban centers, and most were not equipped to get into jobs. They were not educated — no skills. So a lot of them became ‘dancers,’ you know? So now, it’s like a phenomenon. Every town you go to, you have all these dance bars. It’s just a front for brothels.

“The government has made stringent laws, but again, the problem is enforcement. Most of the traffickers are very rich. They buy the lawyers. They have money to hire top-class lawyers. They may be even paying bribes to come out of it. And the other thing we have noticed is that most of the women who are trafficked are poor. So even if they come back and they file a case, eventually, they’re pressured by their family, who are paid off by the traffickers to keep quiet. And the legal system in Nepal takes forever for a case to be resolved. That has been one problem … when the traffickers are caught, very few are brought to justice.”

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The Most Brutal Prison Riots in History

At the moment, prisons are the best tool society has to keep its criminals in check. Unfortunately, it seems kind of inevitable that when you put hundreds of socially maladjusted people into a confined space, violence will sometimes ensue. Unless things are handled with extreme care – and often they aren’t – prison riots can erupt at a moment’s notice and swell until no one on the premises is safe.

Throughout history, prison powder kegs have exploded in some truly brutal jailhouse riots that have claimed the lives of both prisoners and guards. Whether it’s because of gang violence, an escape attempt, or brutal prison conditions, prison riots can kick off for a variety of reasons. Of course, the result is always the same: death and destruction.

Even today, prison riots are a regular occurrence throughout the world’s prison system. In late 2016, the United Kingdom’s Bedford prison saw 200 prisoners besiege the institution for more than six hours. Fortunately, only one prisoner was hurt in the riot, making the Beford incident one of the more contained prison rebellions in history. Here are some prisons who didn’t fare quite as well.

Brazil Prison Riot Leaves 56 Dead

A prison riot that broke out in Rio de Janeiro left 56 people dead and several more injured. Officials said it began as a fight between two of the country’s biggest rival gangs that spiraled out of control. Prisoners were beheaded and dismembered in the melee, guards held hostage, and the fighting last more than 12 hours. Some inmates were able to escape during the chaos. It was the biggest prison riot the country has ever seen, officials said.
News agencies reported the prison was overcrowded. There were 1,224 inmates in a prison meant to hold 592.

Ross Perot Instigated a Prison Riot in Iran to Sneak Out Two Americans

On the cusp of the Iranian revolution, as the Shah was preparing to get out of Dodge, a computer company called Electronic Data Systems (EDS) was preparing to do the same. EDS had previously agreed to work on some of the Shah’s computers. As Ayatollah Khomeini was preparing to siege the country, EDS found itself in a precarious position (and out five million dollars in owed fees). As the company employees tried to evacuate the country, two engineers were captured.
EDS engineers William Gaylord and Paul Chiapparone were put in prison on trumped-up charges in 1979. Though the American government took no interest in the prisoners’ plight, the owner of EDS, one Ross Perot, decided to swing into action. He hired a mercenary named Arthur Simons, who refused to accept money for his services.
The prison in which Gaylord and Chiapparone were held was once considered a symbol of the Shah’s power. Working through some intermediaries, Simons convinced a mob of revolutionaries loyal to Khomeini to storm the prison in the hopes of releasing the Shah’s prisoners. It worked, and all 70,000 of the prison’s detainees – including Gaylord and Chiapparone – were allowed to escape into the city.

The Battle of Qala-i-Jangi Resulted in the First American Death in Afghanistan

The Battle of Qala-i-Jangi Res… is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list The Most Brutal Prison Riots in History

In 2001, several Taliban prisoners being held in Afghanistan’s prison in Qala-i-Jangi revolted, gaining access to weapons and opening fire. The resulting violence was horrible to behold. CIA agent Mike Spann was the first person killed in the riot. Reports say that a prisoner rushed him with a live grenade; when it exploded, both the inmate and Spann were killed.
Two days later, authorities raided the fortress, launching RPGs at the prisoners. The military also purged the basement where the prisoners were holed up by drenching the rooms in gasoline and setting them on fire. The defense for one of the victims, American Taliban sympathizer John Walker Lindh, said the basement floors were littered with human remains by the time everything had settled down.

Over a Hundred Prisoners Died in Brazil’s Carandiru Prison

In 1992, the inmates at Brazil’s Carandiru Prison were playing football (that’d be soccer to Americans) when the game turned into a brawl that quickly spread to the rest of the prison. The general air of violence made authorities extremely uncomfortable. So uncomfortable, in fact, that they only bothered to negotiate with the prisoners for about an hour before sending in troops to squash the rebellion.
Over the course of thirty minutes, agents swept through the prison, killing 111 inmates. Each victim was supposedly shot more than five times each. Though 74 of the assaulting agents were convicted of both murder and human rights violations (which would have netted the lot of them more than 700 years of combined jail time), the verdicts were vacated and no one was ever actually sent to jail.

1,200 Prisoners Staged a Deadly Revolt at Attica Prison in 1971

In the early 1970s, Attica Prison was a powder keg. The prisoners were overcrowded, and prison policies limited them to spartan conditions. Inmates were given just one shower a week and one roll of toilet paper per month. On September 9, the prisoners of one cell block overpowered their guards and took 39 prison employees hostage.
After four days of failed negotiations, authorities raided the prison. In the ensuing battle, 10 hostages and 39 inmates were killed and 89 others were injured. There were rampant reports that several prisoners were killed or beaten after they surrendered. One man was shot seven times and then ordered to crawl along the ground. When he failed to move fast enough, he was kicked to death by prison guards.

A Drunken Impulse Sparked the 1980 New Mexico Prison Riot

Gary Nelson was in a New Mexico high security prison thanks to a conviction for bank robbery some years prior. In February 1980, he was sitting next to a fellow inmate getting drunk on homemade moonshine when his buddy, in Nelson’s words, “jumped up. He’d been drinking and said, ‘Look, when they come to count, and they leave that door open, we’re going to jump them and take over this place.” Though Nelson didn’t expect anything to happen, the prisoners revolted using exactly that plan.
Over the course of several hours, inmates took 12 guards hostage, even parading one prison guard with a belt around his neck like a dog. Before the prison was retaken, inmates stalked through one cell block and murdered several inmates accused of being snitches. When all was said and done, 33 inmates were killed.

In 1987, One Reagan Administration Edict Set Off Two Simultaneous Prison Riots

Just one day after the administration of President Ronald Reagan declared that about 2,500 refugees were to be deported to Cuba, over 1,400 Cuban detainees in Atlanta and 1,000 Cuban prisoners in Oakdale, Louisiana revolted, fearing deportation. The Atlanta prisoners began to set fire to the facility holding them, forcing firefighters to fly helicopters over the prison and dump 250-gallon buckets of water on the blaze.
Several of the inmates had been detained without a proper trial. As a result of the riots, the American government opted to forego any deportations for a brief period of time, instead offering to give the prisoners an actual trial.

Easter Sunday Turned Deadly When 450 Prisoners Rioted at Lucasville Prison

Home to the state’s most violent prisoners, Lucasville Prison is Ohio’s primary maximum security facility. It also has a reputation for violence that extends more than 20 years back. In 1993, a riot broke out in Ohio’s Lucasville prison on Easter Sunday. The riot lasted for 10 days, when three prison gangs banded together to protest the forced injection of tuberculosis vaccinations. During that time, more than $40 million of damage was done to the facility and nine inmates were killed (five of those victims were beaten to death on the first day).

The Davao Prison Riot Saw Five Hostages Slain in the Midst of a Gun Battle

In 1989, 17 Joyful Assembly of God church members visited a prison in downtown Davao City, Philippines, in the hopes of leading the prisoners in a peaceful prayer service. Unfortunately, a ploy instigated by a prisoner named Aldam resulted in 16 church members being taken hostage and held for more than 48 hours.
When the hostage-takers – who self-applied the nickname “Wild Boys of Dapecol” – attempted to flee the prison using hostages as shields, the military opened fire. At the end of the fire fight, five hostages were dead alongside 16 of the rioting prisoners. No official ever admitted culpability in the deaths of the hostages.

The Strangeways Riot Lasted for 25 Days Before Prisoners Relented

In 1990, 300 inmates held at Strangeways prison rioted in protest of the prison’s lamentable conditions. Though the prison was built to hold 970 prisoners, in 1990, 1,600 inmates called Strangeways home. Prisoners were put three to a cell, though most cells had only one bed. Violent inmates were held for 23 hours a day in rooms with no sanitation.
In response to the riot, authorities surrounded the prison and tried to wear down the rioters. Police cut off electricity to the prison; they poured cold water on the roof, causing leaks because the prison was in such lamentable repair – yes, the authorities used their own negligence as a weapon against the inmates. It took 25 days until the last prisoners were removed from the prison.

The 1929 Colorado State Prison Riot Ended in Murder and Suicide

On October 3, 1929, five prisoners led by Danny Daniels attempted to escape the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City. Pinned down by police gunfire, Daniels and his cohorts managed to take eight prison guards hostage. Daniels attempted to trade the hostages for he and his allies’ freedom, but prison warden William Crawford chose to call the National Guard instead.

Over the next several hours, the military attempted to oust the prisoners by using dynamite on the wall where the hostages were being held. When that didn’t work, they used tear gas. For fear of being captured and executed, Daniels panicked and began killing both his hostages and his companions. When he ran through them all, he turned the gun on himself.

The Battle of Alcatraz Turned the Famed Prison Into a “Ring of Fire”

The Battle of Alcatraz Turned is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list The Most Brutal Prison Riots in History

For weeks in early 1946, Alcatraz inmate Bernard Coy slowly lost more than 20 pounds in an attempt to wedge himself between a pair of bars into the prison’s armory. On May 2, 1946, his plan went into action, and along with five other inmates, Coy captured two prison guards and a small cache of weapons and attempted to flee the prison. It didn’t go well.

After capturing Coy, one of the guards hid the key that would allow the prisoners to escape their cell block. Coy and his compatriots found themselves stranded, ultimately deciding that the best course of action was opening fire on the guards assembling to re-take the prison. For one bloody night, there was a fire fight in the prison. A San Francisco Chronicle reporter wrote, “The island was a ring of fire in the night.”
In morning, three of the escapees (including Coy) and both guards who’d been taken hostage were dead.

A Lincoln, Nebraska Prison Riot Saw Two Men Killed in 2015

On May 10, 2015, several prisoners gained control of a Lincoln, Nebraska, prison. One of the inmates, Robert Clayborne Jr., who was in protective custody at the time of the revolt, later sued the prison because of the riot (the suit was dismissed). Clayborne claimed that the riot resulted from critical under-staffing at the prison. Clayborne further alleged that he was denied medical care during the heat of the riot.
Though the riot was quelled several hours after it began, extensive damage was done to the prison and two inmates were killed during the chaos.

Pulau Senang Prisoners Attacked Staff from an Island Penal Colony

Pulau Senang was started as a novel concept at rehabilitation. Prisoners were shipped to the small island south of Singapore so that they could work on a farm in a prison without walls.
At first, things were going well. There were even plans to ignite some trade on the island and build some truly permanent buildings. Then, in 1963, 70 inmates rebelled, attacking staff personnel with bottles and knives. At the end of the day, colony superintendent Daniel Dutton and attendants Arumugam Veerasingham and Tan Kok Hian were killed by the rioting prisoners. The resulting trial lasted 64 days and saw the death sentences of 18 prisoners.

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Turkey Lowers Age of Consent to 12?

Aug 18th, 2016 – Snopes

An international kerfuffle after Turkey’s failed 2016 coup led to reports that the age of consent in that country had been lowered to age 12. Turkish officials deny the claim.

In August 2016, numerous social media posts and news articles reported that after a failed military coup in Turkey, the age of consent in that country has been lowered from 18 to 12. For example, Sweden’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Margot Wallström, published a tweet affirmatively stating the age of consent in Turkey had been lowered precipitously.

Turkey’s Deputy Prime Minister angrily denied Wallström’s statement on Twitter as well, terming the claim “stupid”.

A British tabloid detailed the origins of the claim, noting that a recent court decision had struck down a law defining sex acts with children under the age of 15 as “sexual abuse”:

The decision by the country’s constitutional court removes a legal provision that all sexual acts against children under the age of 15 are “sexual abuse”. Children aged 12, 13 and 14 will no longer receive automatic protection as a minor, according to the ruling, but will be expected to offer or decline consent in sexual activity. Experts say this is a green light for sex with “consenting” minors as young as 12.
The Guardian provided a more nuanced take on the developments that led to the rumor, reporting that “Turkey has summoned Sweden’s envoy in an escalating row after Stockholm accused Ankara of legalising sex with children” and stating that the age of consent in Turkey had not been affected by an unrelated July 2016 ruling pertaining to the adjudication of child abuse cases:

“It is a scandal for a foreign minister to post such a tweet based on false news or speculation,” the Turkish foreign minister, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, said in televised comments, adding the Swedish ambassador to Ankara had been summoned to his ministry. However, the Swedish foreign ministry said it was the chargé d’affaires who was summoned by Ankara, as the ambassador was still on vacation. Çavuşoğlu blasted the “unacceptable” tweet, saying Wallström should have acted responsibly.

“A foreign minister should not tell lies and should not adopt an approach accusing Turkey,” he said. “Yes to criticism but this is a slander, a lie.” Turkey’s constitutional court in July annulled a criminal code provision punishing as “sexual abuse” all sexual acts involving children under the age of 15, responding to a petition brought by a lower court. The court has given a six-month period for parliament to draw up a new law based on its ruling.
The Guardian affirmed the age of consent in Turkey remained at 18 and was unaffected by the court ruling in question:

The lower court that brought the petition was worried there was no distinction between cases of sexual acts involving a young teenager or a toddler. The legal age of consent in Turkey remains 18 and was not affected by the ruling. But it drew a furious response from activists worried it would open the way for unpunished child sexual abuse.
In a lengthy statement, Turkey’s Minister of Foreign Affairs blamed a “falsified headline” published by a “discredited newspaper” and displayed on a prominent news ticker in Vienna for the rumors:

A falsified headline, claiming that abuse of children under the age of 15 is allowed in Turkey, was displayed on an electronic news ticker of “Kronen Zeitung” newspaper at the passenger lounge of the Vienna International Airport on 13 August 2016. This headline does not reflect the truth at all. Another headline reading that “Through vacation in Turkey you only support Erdoğan” was intentionally displayed on the same ticker in the near past. We deplore and strongly condemn that an international airport, which is located in the centre of Europe and intensely used by passengers from different countries, is abused by a discredited newspaper to spread its irresponsible, distorted and falsified messages in order to defame a friendly country and its nation.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs took the necessary steps through the Austrian Embassy in Ankara and the Turkish Embassy in Vienna also conveyed its reaction about the matter on the same day.

Turkey is a state that always aims at protecting and improving the universal human rights and is committed itself to the international conventions in the field of child rights and their additional protocols both verbally and spiritually, as an esteemed member of the international community. Turkey is aware of its responsibilities and duties in this field.

A country in a position of the rising centre of racism and xenophobia ever increasing in Europe should focus on healing these diseases through its politicians, media and society. Instead, some irresponsible media may falsify and reflect even judicial decisions in another country to feed their hateful and hostile discourses against a society and we consider it as a manifestation of these diseases.

Unfortunately, the statements of some Austrian politicians and officials against Turkey and EU membership of Turkey encourage such defamatory news.

This tendency damages social harmony and peace in Austria where more than 300 thousand people of Turkish origin live.
Although a copy of the ruling pertaining to the sexual abuse law is not readily available, officials in Turkey have maintained that the rumor is a misinterpretation of that judicial decision and that the age of consent remains at 18 in Turkey, not 12.

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